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What Does A Well-Written Farm Lease Really Cover?

LeaseOne of the most overlooked aspects of farming deals with leasing agreements. With over half of the agriculture land in Nebraska rented, it’s important for landowners and farmers who lease land to recognize the importance of a well-written lease agreement. Where a handshake was enough in many cases in the past, the nature of farming today is a bit more complicated, and the necessity of having a well-designed legal agreement is paramount.

A leasing agreement, down on paper, benefits both landowner and tenant. Each party is able to outline their responsibilities, rights, desires, and needs ahead of the growing season, so there are no surprises that could compromise the good nature of the agreement. As anyone who has ever dealt with a difference of opinion could attest, proactively avoiding potential issues ahead of time can save time, money, and a great deal of headache for both parties involved.

What comprises a well-written lease? First, make sure the basics are covered. According to FarmProgress.com, this includes: “[An] accurate legal description of the land to be leased, the identity of the parties and their signatures, length of the lease, kind and amount of rent, time and place of payment, responsibilities of each party, an indemnification clause (whereby tenant agrees to compensate the landlord for any loss resulting from the tenant’s negligence, and vice versa) and any other special provisions the parties agree upon.”

In addition to these basics, it’s often good to recognize some commonly misunderstood landlord rights, so that the leasing relationship runs smoothly, and hopefully for many years. Usually these are addressed by a written lease, so that they do not become issues during the growing season.

One such misunderstanding regards farming practices; a well-written lease will make it clear that the tenant/farmer is in charge of how the land is farmed, unless otherwise agreed upon ahead of time by both parties.

Another issue that can arise is when the landlord can come onto the land; without a written lease, this can only be to make repairs or to collect rent. Should both parties like to amend this, it should be decided upon when the lease is put together.

Sometimes, the landowner decides he/she wants to sell the land before the lease agreement is up. It should be understood that the new buyer is responsible for the existing lease agreement.

Another important concept that written leases address is when a landowner can raise the rent, if so desired. In Nebraska, a landowner cannot raise the rent for the next year after September 1.

Finally, with rifle season just around the corner, it’s good to remember that landowners don’t necessarily have the right to hunt on the land they rent without the tenant’s permission. Addressing this in the written lease may help avid hunters avoid potential headaches the third weekend in November.

It cannot be overstated that good farming relationships start with a well-crafted lease, written down on paper. If you’re looking to update your leasing agreements, contact UFARM for advice on how to accomplish this goal. UFARM offers a full range of Nebraska land management services, including real estate sales, rural property appraisals, consultations and crop insurance. UFARM has operated in Nebraska since the early 1930’s. Contact us today!


Sources consulted:“Five Myths of Landlord Rights.” Cropwatch. University of Nebraska Extension. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. 02 Oct. 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.“Good Reasons for a Written Lease.” Prairie Farmer. Farmprogress.com. 05 Aug. 2011. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.